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Air Pollution May Exacerbate Problems
Editorial Says Think Twice About Hormone Replacement Therapy
Kahn Named President of Joslin
Grants Available for Skin Disease Research
Honors and Advances
Third-Years Write Prescription for Ailing Clinical Education
Program Begins Teaching Residents to Teach
|Letter to the Editor
The Winter Bookshelf
Recent Books by Faculty of Harvard Medical, Dental, and Public Health Schools
Eli H. Newberger
The Men They Will Become: The Nature and Nurture of Male Character
Dan Kindlon and Michael Thompson
Raising Cain: Protecting the Emotional Life of Boys
Two books recently published by Harvard-affiliated authors delve into the emotional and social lives of boys. Both seek to understand how family and peer relationships and cultural expectations constrain boys into narrow, artificial, and uncomfortable male roles. The authors suggest how parents can help their sons avoid these pitfalls and develop into emotionally mature and good men.
Eli Newberger, assistant professor of pediatrics at Children's Hospital and a leading expert on family violence, devotes his latest book to the development of character, defined as "a constantly evolving balance between a boy's inner desires and ideals and the forces of his environment." Focusing on elements of character such as generosity, courage, honesty, and self-control, he shows how these admirable qualitiesand their oppositesmay be either nurtured or thwarted by influences ranging from parental and peer relationships to larger cultural forces such as the mass media.
Dan Kindlon, an assistant professor in the HMS Department of Psychiatry and the HSPH Department of Maternal and Child Health, and Michael Thompson, a psychologist at a Boston-area boys' school, share in Raising Cain what they have learned in 35 years of combined experience working with boys and their families. Using research findings and case studies to support and illuminate their argument, the authors paint a portrait of boys who are systematically steered away from their emotional lives by adults and peers, and whoin contrast to girlsreceive little encouragement to develop qualities such as compassion, sensitivity, and warmth. The result is to leave boys with a limited repertoire of emotional responses. Moving from diagnosis of the cultural malady to prescription for its cure, they identify the social and emotional challenges that boys encounter in school and show how parents can help boys cultivate emotional awareness and empathy. "The difference between boys who overcome adversity and those who surrender to it always comes down to the emotional resources they bring to the challenge," the authors write.
Jeffrey S. Dover, Kenneth A. Arndt, Roy G. Geronemus,
and Maria Beatrice T. Alora
Illustrated Cutaneous & Aesthetic Laser Surgery, 2nd Edition
Appleton & Lange
This revised and expanded edition of Illustrated Cutaneous and Aesthetic Laser Surgery takes a practical how-to approach to the use of lasers in treating numerous skin conditions, including scars, photoaging, tattoos, and other lesions. Also described is the increasingly popular use of lasers in hair removal and as cutting tools in certain cosmetic procedures such as blepharoplastya procedure to improve eyelid aesthetics. The text is illustrated with photographs of patients before, during, and after various procedures. In addition to providing the practical details necessary for performing laser surgery, the authors discuss the theory and background of the lasers in use today. Written by dermatologists Jeffrey Dover, associate professor of dermatology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Kenneth Arndt, professor of dermatology at BID; Maria Alora, instructor in dermatology at Massachusetts General Hospital; and Roy Geronemus of New York University School of Medicine, the book is a resource for all health professionals who care for the skin.
Jennifer Leaning, Susan M. Briggs, and Lincoln C. Chen
Humanitarian Crises: The Medical and Public Health Response
Harvard University Press
Over the course of the 20th century, war and genocide have taken the lives of more than 150 million civilians and soldiers. In the last decade, a new type of conflict, called a "complex humanitarian emergency" has emerged, typically killing 10 civilians for every soldier. These conflicts, as exemplified by the carnage in Bosnia, Rwanda, Somalia, and Afghanistan, tend to occur within national boundaries and receive instantaneous public visibility from the media. International humanitarian intervention is now politically more feasible than it was in the past, but the changing nature of conflict presents unprecedented challenges and vexing dilemmas. This volume of essays edited by Jennifer Leaning, professor of public health and human rights at HSPH and HMS assistant professor of medicine; Susan M. Briggs, HMS assistant professor of surgery; and Lincoln Chen of the Rockefeller Foundation, explores those challenges. Contributors focus on four core topics: assessment and intervention; mental health consequences and interventions; ethical, legal, and practical dilemmas; and the relationship between relief organizations and military forces.
Bruce R. Korf
Human Genetics: A Problem-Based Approach, Second Edition
Written by Bruce R. Korf, associate professor of pediatric neurology at HMS and director of the Clinical Genetics Program at Children's Hospital, this textbook is designed to complement student-driven learning in genetics. Each of the text's 10 chapters emphasizes a core concept in human genetics (including material from classical Mendelian genetics, molecular genetics, and quantitative genetics) and is integrated with problem-based tutorial exercises that highlight the relevance of these issues to human disease. Clinical cases demonstrating these ties are interwoven throughout the text, opening and closing each chapter. Illustrations, study questions, and personal essays written by patients with genetic disorders are also included to help engage the reader, and to clarify and reinforce key concepts. The second edition improves upon the first by updating information in this rapidly advancing field and by adding a new section, "Genetics in Medical Practice," to each chapter.
Alice W. Flaherty
The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Neurology
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Flaherty, instructor in neurology at MGH, has written a practical handbook for residents and practitioners in neurology, neurosurgery, and internal medicine. The manual includes protocols, step-by-step tests and procedures, and decision-making algorithms, and covers related topics such as neuroanatomy, radiology, and psychiatry. A chapter on imaging focuses on modern techniques, including CT and MRI, and provides pointers to aid in quickly interpreting images. Chapters on adult and child neurology discuss neurologic conditions such as headache, seizures, sleep disorders, CNS infections, and tumors. Other chapters cover neurological exams, drugs, procedures, and general internal medicine. Tests for visual acuity and stroke-related language disturbances are printed in the book, and topics on the neurology board exam are highlighted.
Richard L. Guerrant, David H. Walker, and Peter F. Weller, Editors
Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens, and Practice, Vols. I and II
These two hefty volumes coedited by Peter Weller, HMS professor of medicine and cochief of the Division of Infectious Disease at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, contribute significantly to the medical literature on tropical infectious diseases. Divided into the three sections in its title, the more than 1,600 pages in these two books cover the most germane information for clinicians treating patients with tropical infectious diseases or people who may have been exposed. As the editors note in their preface, with increased international travel and globalization of food supplies, tropical infectious diseases pose a threat to all, not just the world's population living in the tropics. "The importance of tropical infectious diseases and the need for their best possible understanding by the widest possible audience form the basis for this text," the editors write.
Edwin J. Mikkelsen and Wayne J. Stelk
Criminal Offenders with Mental Retardation: Risk Assessment and the Continuum of Community-Based Treatment Programs
Targeting mental health clinicians and other human services professionals, this manuscript aims to provide a formalized paradigm to assess, treat, and manage criminal offenders with mental retardation. Co-authored by Edwin J. Mikkelsen, associate professor of psychiatry at HMS, this work outlines how to determine the risk of recurrence of criminal antisocial behavior and how to incorporate these assessments into the support and management of people at high risk for repeat offenses. The 125-page text is organized into five chapters, plus an annotated bibliography. The reader is first introduced to the general issues involved in risk assessment, followed by a detailed description of the proposed assessment protocol. Specific applications for community-based programs are discussed and descriptions of actual programs are given.
Charles M. Poser and George W. Bruyn
An Illustrated History of Malaria
In this comprehensive historical account of one of the world's most influential diseases, the authors explore the evidence for malaria's existence since ancient times, past and present treatments, and the evolution of etiological theories. They also discuss malaria's impact on civilization. As Charles Poser, HMS visiting professor of neurology, and George Bruyn, professor emeritus of neurology at the University of Leiden, and many historians have written, malaria has had a profound effect on the course of human history. For example, malaria created a serious obstacle to the colonization of Africa and protected many ancient cities from invaders, who lacked immunity to the disease. Myth and superstition prevailed about the disease's origin until its mode of transmission was finally discovered. Among the book's distinctive features are more than 250 rare illustrations, including portraits of major figures in malaria's history, and title pages of key historical documents.
This is the latest in a series of handbooks covering the most common complaints encountered by neurologists and primary care physicians. Focusing on signs and symptoms, the pocket-sized book is a concise guide to the diagnosis and treatment of neck problems, designed to enable practitioners to quickly find the information they need. Many neck complaints are of a sensory nature, so that sorting out the systemic problem and what to do about it presents a challenge to the clinician. Ronthal, associate professor of neurology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, provides the reader with proven approaches to the management of neck complaints. The handbook covers conditions such as neck pain and headache, cervical spondylosis, and whiplash injuries; describes electromyography, nerve conduction, and imaging studies; and discusses medical and surgical treatment options.
J. W. Streilein, Editor
Immune Response and the Eye
Like all organs, the eye must have an immune mechanism for protection against pathogens; however, it is particularly sensitive to the inflammation that often accompanies immune responses. In order to provide immune protection without causing ocular cell death and blindness, the eye and the immune system strike some unusual compromises. This volume gives an overview of current knowledge about immunity in the eye, from ocular immune privilege to specific immune responses to eye-derived antigens. Other chapters discuss the pathogenesis of eye disorders when inflammation does occur. Finally, the book looks at corneal and retinal transplantation and how knowledge of the eye's immune responses can be applied to make these procedures more successful. This book is volume 73 in the series Chemical Immunology, and is edited by J. Wayne Streilein, HMS professor and vice chair for research in the Department of Ophthalmology at Schepens Eye Research Institute.
Elliot G. Mishler
Storylines: Craftartists' Narratives of Identity
Harvard University Press
Elliot Mishler, HMS professor of social psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at Cambridge Hospital, has written about five craftartistsa glassmaker, two furniture makers, a fabric designer, and a potterand the ways that they came toand continue toidentify themselves as artists. Using qualitative research methods, this founder of narrative studies in the human sciences explores the nature of identity through the analysis of personal narratives, using interviews he conducted with the artists. Mishler proposes that identity is dialogic and relational, composed of several subidentities, rather than being a single, fixed unit. At once a study in identity, this book also serves as an approach to the systematic methods of analyzing narrative accounts.
Loren D. Walensky
Rapid Access Pediatrics: Companion Handbook to Oski's Pediatrics
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
A pocket companion to the reference Oski's Pediatrics: Principles and Practice, Third Edition, this index offers a quick and easy-to-use alternative to the more sizable text. Written by Loren D. Walensky, a resident in pediatrics at Children's Hospital, this handbook is intended to provide succinct and specific facts on a broad range of pediatric conditions for medical students, residents, and fellows training in the pediatric clinic, where speed is often essential. The text is organized in alphabetical order by disease and covers the definition, etiology, clinical presentation, useful studies, and treatment options of 395 specific clinical conditions. Each entry is cross-referenced with relevant sections in Oski's Pediatrics. The reference is less than 600 pages long and actually does fit in your pocket.
Burns H. Weston and Stephen P. Marks, Editors
The Future of International Human Rights
Transnational Publishers, Inc.
Co-edited by Stephen P. Marks, the François-Xavier Bagnoud professor of health and human rights at HSPH, this work brings together the voices of an international community of scholars to share insight and knowledge on the current state of international human rights and discuss future trends. The 13 essays cover a diverse range of topics including views on geopolitics, feminism, and the South African experience. Marks, an expert on international law, peacekeeping, and human rights, contributed a chapter entitled, "The United Nations and Human Rights: The Promise of Multilateral Diplomacy and Action." Written in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the book is intended to help government officials, international civil servants, nongovernmental organizations, and general readers with an interest in world affairs to improve the state of human rights across the globe.